اقوي ثلاث ملفات ليلة امتحان لغة انجليزية ثالثة ثانوي من مستر Mustafa abu yusuf رفع مستر Adel Magdi

اقوي ثلاث ملفات ليلة امتحان لغة انجليزية ثالثة ثانوي من مستر Mustafa abu yusuf رفع مستر  Adel Magdi

    اقوي ثلاث ملفات ليلة امتحان لغة انجليزية ثالثة ثانوي من مستر Mustafa abu yusuf رفع مستر  Adel Magdi

    اقوي ثلاث ملفات ليلة امتحان لغة انجليزية ثالثة ثانوي من مستر  Adel Magdi

    اقوي ثلاث ملفات ليلة امتحان لغة انجليزية ثالثة ثانوي من مستر  Adel Magdi




    إذا كان قدرك أن تكون مصباحا .................فلا تشكو من وهج النيران
    جميع مواقف المنهج بالإجابة النموذجية 
    Respond to the following situations :
    1- Someone says they think magazines are a waste of money. Disagree , giving a reason.
    - I don't agree. Magazines are an excellent means of spreading 
       news and educating people.
    2- A friend from England calls and asks about the weather. You see dark clouds in the sky.
    - It is going to rain.
    3- One of your friends watched a football match on TV and found it boring. You have a different opinion.

    - I disagree. It was a good match.
    4- You hear someone use a word you do not understand. The word is energy.
    - What does energy mean ?
    5- Someone asks what you were doing at eight o'clock this morning .
    - I was going to school.
    6- A friend asks you what you think about TV news programmes.
    - As far as I'm concerned, they are very interesting.
    - I think, they are very interesting.
    7- A friend wants a job to help poor people. Advise him or her.
    ¬- If I were you, I'd train to be a doctor.
    8- You do not understand why it goes dark at night. Ask someone to explain it.
    - Can you explain why it goes dark at night?
    9- A friend suggests that swimming is a good way to keep fit. State another way. 
    - Tennis is also a good exercise.
    10- A friend suggests that you join a squash club together. Suggest something else.
    - I'd prefer to join a tennis club.
    11- Someone asks where your friend Ali is. You have not seen him for 
          a long time. You are almost certain he is on holiday.
    - Ali must be on holiday. I haven't seen him for a long time.
    12- Your brother looks worried. You want to know whether he has a problem.
    - What's the matter?
    13- Your mother was very busy yesterday. You regret not helping her.
    - I wish I had helped my mother yesterday.
    14- Someone asks if you think people will still have cars in 50 years.
    - I'm sure they will.
    15- You hear the word magnet on the radio. Ask a friend what it means.
    - What does magnet mean ?
    16-A friend asks you why you have such an expensive mobile phone. You have two reasons.
    - For two reasons. Firstly because I can use it for e-mails, and 
       secondly, because the camera is better.
    17- Your friend looks like he/she hasn't been sleeping for days. Advise him/her.
    - You look exhausted. You should go home and sleep.
    18- You do not understand what distance learning is. Ask a friend.
    - Could you explain what distance learning is ?
    19- Someone says that space exploration is too expensive. You agree .Say why
    - I (completely) agree. We should use the money to feed people.
    20- Someone says that computers are a bad thing. You do not have the same opinion. Say why .
    - I don't agree. Computers make our work faster and easier .
    21- One of your friends says he thinks walking in space would be very frightening. You think he's right. Say why .
    - I agree. If you made one small mistake, you could be lost in space forever.
    22- You hear someone say that all astronauts are very rich. You know this is not true . Say why.
    - That's (just) not true. I researched astronaut salaries on the  internet.
    23- Your friend has joined a reading group. You want to know the number of people in the group.
    - How many people are in your reading group?
    24- Someone tells you that Anthony Hope wrote The Prisoner of Zenda In three months. You are very surprised by this.
    - Really! I didn't know that.
    25- You are told that Anthony Hope paid for the publication of his first novel himself. Express how you feel about this.
    - That's interesting.
    26- Someone tells you that Anthony Hope wrote more than 30 works of fiction altogether. You are interested but not surprised by this.
    - Is that right?
    27- You are doing a survey about energy use in your town. You would like to ask someone some questions. Explain the situation.
    - Hello, I’m doing a survey about energy use in our town. Could I  ask you some questions, please?
    28- You want to know about a friend’s energy-saving habits. What do you ask?
    - What do you do to save energy?/
    - How do you save energy?
    29-  You hear someone use a word you do not understand. The word is hydroelectric. - What does ‘hydroelectric’ mean?
    30- Someone asks you how you usually travel to school every day. How do you reply?
    - I usually walk.
    31- A friend asks for your opinion about modern novels.
    - In my opinion, modern novels are not as good as the classics.
    32- Someone asks you what you were doing at six o’clock yesterday evening.
    - At 6 o’clock yesterday evening, I was finishing my homework.
    33- Someone asks you what you think the best thing is about short stories. Give your opinion.
    - I think the best thing about short stories is that things happen  quickly.
    34- A friend asks you what you used to read when you were five. 
    - When I was five, I used to read a newspaper written especially  for children.
    35- You want some advice from a friend about how you can eat more healthily. What do you ask?
    - I’d like to eat more healthily. What do you think I should do?
    36- A friend wants to meet new people, but he/she is very shy. Make a recommendation.
    - I think it’d be a good idea for you to join a sports club.
    37- Ask your teacher for advice about how to do well in the next English test.
    - I’d like to do well in the next English test. What do you think I   should do?
    38-  A friend from another country wants to phone someone from a public phone in Egypt. He / She has never done this before. Tell him/her what to do first.
    -  First of all, pick up the telephone, insert a coin, and wait until 
        you hear a high noise. Then dial a number.
    39- A foreign friend wants to know how to make tea the Egyptian 
          way. Tell him/her what to do first.
    - First of all, boil some water, then add it to some tea leaves in a  mug.
    40- A friend asks why is everyone putting their umbrellas up?
    -It must have started raining.
    41- Leila took her driving test yesterday. Now she’s looking very  unhappy.
    -She must have failed (her driving test)./
    -She can’ have passed her driving test. 
    42- My friend told me the homework was on page 41, but there isn’t a  page 41.
    -He / She must have made a mistake/
    43- Karim thought he had shut the gate to the field, but now the goats  are all in the road.
    -He can’t have shut the gate.
    44- A friend asks you whether you would like to go somewhere  together at the weekend. 
    - What about going to the beach?
    45- The same friend does not want to go the beach, but suggests the  swimming pool.
    - OK, then let’s go to the swimming pool.
    46- A friend suggests that you join a book club together. You do not 
          want to join a book club, but you would like to join a sports club.
    - I would prefer to join a sports club.
    47- The same friend suggests going to the cinema in your town tomorrow. You are not sure.
    - I’m not sure about that.
    48- A friend is looking worried. You want to know why. What do you ask?
    - You look worried. What’s wrong?
    49- Someone asks if you had a good holiday. You enjoyed your holiday, 
          but the weather was not very good. This was a disappointment.
    - I had a good time, but I wish the weather had been better/ 
    50- A friend asks what subject you would like to be better at.
    - I wish I was/were better at history. 
    51- Someone asks you about a school trip you went on. You learnt 
          a lot, but you did not take as many photos as you had planned to.
    - I learnt a lot but I wish I had taken more photos.
    52- A friend asks how you feel about an important English test you have next week.
    - I wish I knew more English words.
    53- Your mother was very busy yesterday. You regret not helping her.
    -  I wish I had helped my mother yesterday. 
    54- You would like to find out what music your friend likes. What do you ask?
    - What kind of music do you like?
    55- A friend asks you what sort of music you enjoy.
    - I’m a big fan of folk music.
    56- You want to find out if your friend plays a musical instrument.
    - Do you play a musical instrument?
    57- A friend asks you whether there is any sort of music you don’t like.
    - I really dislike modern music.
    58- An English friend asks you how you celebrate Sham El-Nessim.
    - We celebrate by eating salted fish.
    59- You forgot to thank a friend for a present he/she gave you.
    - I am very sorry I forgot to thank you for the present.
    60- Your friend was late for school . Ask him why.
    - Can you tell me why you were late for school?
    60- Your friend asks you why you were late for school .
    - To start with, I didn't hear my alarm clock.
    61- You ask your friend why he wants to study science at university.
    - Why do you want to study science at university?
    62-  A friend asks you why you enjoy sport. Name two reasons.
    - For two reasons: firstly, it keeps me fit and secondly, I like  being with my friends.
    63- Your friend starts to cross a road when you see a car coming. Warn your friend.
    - Watch out ! A car is coming.
    64- A friend asks you if you think people will read books in a hundred 
          years time.
    - Yes, I’m sure they will.
    65- In a conversation, a friend uses the word gadgets. You do not understand the word.
    - What does gadgets mean?
    66- A friend asks if you think people will have their own spaceships in 50 years.
    - No, I don’t think they will.
    67- A friend uses the words travel and journey in the same sentence. 
          You do not understand the different meanings of these two words.
    - What is the difference between travel and journey?
    68- An interviewer asks if you would work some evenings during the  week. You would be happy to do this.
    - Yes, that would be no problem.
    69- You want to be able to contact a person you have just met, but you 
          do not have their details.
    - Could you give me your phone number and e-mail address,  please?
    70- Your friend is applying for a new job. This is a surprise and you ask him the reason.
    - (Really) Why are you applying for a new job?
    71- You want to know whether someone you are interviewing can drive.
    - Do you have a driving licence? 
    72- You are interviewing someone for a job. Find out about their qualifications and experience.
    - What qualifications and experience do you have?
    73- An interviewer has asked you why you have applied for a job in a particular company. Give a reason.
    - The reason is that a friend has recommended this company to me.
    74- An educational adviser asks you what skills you would like to improve. You have never been very good at maths.
    - I need to improve my maths skills.
    75- You are told that you have just been accepted to the best university in Egypt. Express how you feel about this.
    - That’s great news!
    76- A friend wants to go back to education, but cannot leave home to go to university. Suggest a distance learning course.
    - What about doing a distance-learning course?
    77- A friend suggests that you do an evening course to improve your English.
    - Thank you. That’s a good  idea.
    78- Your friend wants to know what your plans are after finishing school.
    - After finishing school, I am going to join university.
    79- Your friend thinks there are better things to spend money on than space travel. Agree, giving a reason.
    - I agree with you. There are too many starving people that need  the money that goes towards space exploration
    80- You want to know the number of countries which use nuclear power. Ask your teacher.
    - Excuse me, could you tell me how many countries use nuclear  power?
    81- Your friend wants to know your opinion of Yehia Haqqi the man and the writer.
    - Yehia Haqqi was very a kind man. As a writer, he was very  modern.
    82- Your friend has just witnessed a road accident. Advise him on what he should do.
    - If I were you, I would call an ambulance.
    83- Your little sister is having difficulty drawing a picture for her story. Give her advice.
    - Don’t worry, you could print a picture from the internet.
    84- A new student at your school wants to know the way to the headmaster’s office. Instruct him.
    - Go down that corridor. Turn left. It is on the right.
    85- Your friend thinks your teacher is absent today but you disagree because you saw her during the morning lines.
    - She can’t be absent. I just saw her in the morning lines.
    86- You are at a restaurant. Your friend thinks you should both order fish, but you have other preferences.
    - I would prefer chicken, if you don’t mind.
    87-You do not understand what happens during an eclipse of the moon. Ask your teacher.
    - Excuse me, would you please explain what happens during an  eclipse of the moon?
    88- Someone asks you about your opinion concerning storm chasers.
    - I think storm chasers are brave people.
    89- Your friend has just lost his or her purse and has no money to go home. Offer help.
    - If you like, I can give you a ride home. 
    90- Your friend is worried about tomorrow’s English exam. Reassure  him or her.
    - You’ve studied hard and I’m sure you’ll do fine.
    91-You are at a bookshop and can’t find a certain book, so the shop assistant offers to help. Accept her offer.
    - Thank you. I can’t find the book I want.
    92- Your father has just promised to buy you a new bike. He wants to know what kind you like.
    - I like racing bikes.
    93- Your friend says it was wrong for Dr Aisha Abd El-Rahman to 
          spend most of her life on her work. Agree, giving a reason.
    - She should have spent more time with her family and friends.
    94- Someone asks you who you think the most important man in Egypt is. Give a reason.
    - I think the most important man in Egypt is Essam Sharaf  because he is the prime minister.
    95- Someone asks your opinion about how you think newspapers will be in the future.
    - I think newspapers will probably remain as they are today.
    96- A friend asks for your advice about keeping fit. Advise him.
    - If I were you, I’d go swimming every day.
    97- Your friend asks you why you want to study science at university. Name two reasons.
    - For two reasons. Firstly, because I enjoy science, and secondly because I want to be a doctor when I leave.
    98- Someone has asked you for educational advice. Find out what 
          qualifications this person has.
    What qualifications do you have already?
    WORKBOOK EXERCISES:
    Choose the correct answer from a , b, c or d:
    Reviews:(A)1. Millions of people watched the rocket ................ on TV.
    a- start b- launch c- set off d- beginning
    2. The medicine I'm taking is wonderful. It has no side ................ .
    a- results b- damage c- effects d- problems
    3. My brother and I are not twins, but we are very ................ .
    a- alike b- same c- like d- correct
    4. Coal and oil are two kinds of fossil ................ .
    a- petrol b- gas c- energy d- fuels
    5. Electricity is produced in a/an ................ station.
    a- bus b- railway c- power d- energy
    6. I expect ................ you at the weekend.
    a- I'm going to see  b- I'll see c- I'm seeing d- is going to start
    7. The film ................ at 7.30 this evening.
    a- starts b- will start c- started d- l see
    8. How ................ times have you seen that film?
    a- many b- much c- lots d- different
    9. The distance from here to Cairo ................ two kilometres.
    a- are b- has been c- is d- is being
    10. In some places, wood ............... to heat people's homes.
    a- are burnt b- burns c- burnt d- is burnt
     (B)1. When I was at school I won a poetry writing ................ .
    a- race b- article c- competition d- game
    2. She sent me the report as an e-mail ................ .
    a- attachment b- letter c- picture d- article
    3. The little girl does not want to sing because she is ................ .
    a- innocent b- secret c- spy d- shy
    4. My favourite musical ................  is the piano.
    a- player b- instrument c- tool d- equipment
    5. The cover of my book is made of ................ .
    a- glass b- rubber c- cardboard d- wood
    6. We arrived half an hour late. The film ................ half an hour earlier.
    a- began b- was beginning c- had begun d- has begun
    7. Agatha Christie’s books ................ into more than 40 languages.
    a- have been translated b- have translated   c- translated   d- were being translated
    8. The Romans ................ Petra nearly two thousand years ago.
    a- have captured b- were captured c- captured d- had captured
    9. Your train leaves in ten minutes. If you hurry, you ................ it.
    a- catch b- will catch c- would catch d- are catching
    10. If I am thirsty, ................ water.
    a- I will drink b- I would drink c- I am drinking d- I drank
     (C)1. Too much sun can be ................  .
    a- respectable b- harmful c- unthinkable d- in conflict
    2. We ................ on the door three times, but they did not hear us.
    a- visited b- called c- hit d- knocked
    3. Nurses are part of the medical ................ .
    a- profession b- work c- job d- career
    4. I get on well with all my ................ at work, but they are not close friends.
    a- people b- workers c- colleagues d- relatives
    5. The accident ................ at eight o’clock when everyone was on their way to work.
    a- occurred b- took c- came d- caused
    6. They ................ left two hours ago, so they arrived by now. It is not far.
    a- must b- must have c- have d- can’t have
    7. No one is sure where Ali is, but we think he ................ gone to see his uncle.
    a- must b- can’t have c- might have d- must have
    8. She asked me whether ................ there before.
    a- I had been b- I went c- I go d- had I been
    9. If ................ for too long, I get a headache.
    a- I’ll read b- I read c- I had read d- I would read
    10. If you had come ten minutes later, I ................ .
    a- would leave b- will leave c- leave d- would have left
     (D)1. I’m sorry, I didn’t ................ you. You look completely different.
    a- see b- recognise c- realise d- position
    2. Most secondary school teachers ................ in one or two subjects.
    a- specialise b- work c- achieve d- concentrate
    3. Experiments are used to test scientific ................ .
    a- thoughts b- processes c- models d- theories
    4. We’re ................ my brother’s birthday next weekend.
    a- enjoying b- remembering c- celebrating d- developing
    5. My favourite ................ when I play football is goalkeeper.
    a- place b- point c- location d- position
    6. I wish I ................ what I was doing at the weekend.
    a- know b- have known c- knew d- was knowing
    7. My sister wishes she ................ harder when she was at school.
    a- had worked b- worked c- works d- has worked
    8. The children were covered in sand when they got home. They ............. on the beach.
    a- were playing b- have been playing c- played d- had been playing
    9. By the time we arrived home, we ................ over 500 kilometres.
    a- travelled b- had travelled   c- have travelled d- are travelling
    10. I expect ................ my driving test when I take it next year.
    a- pass b- to pass c- passing d- to passing
     (E)1. My parents have always ................ me to keep fit by playing sports.
    a- warned b- agreed c- encouraged d- argued
    2. When you pass your test, you’ll get a driving ................ .
    a- permission b- licence c- paper d- certificate
    3. He does not want to live a ................ life. He would prefer excitement and adventure.
    a- conventional b- daily c- interesting d- exciting
    4. Their television ................ is very dirty.
    a- window b- glass c- gadget d- screen
    5. ................ books used to be very cheap.
    a- Paper b- Paperback c- Cardboard d- Hard
    6. Florence Nightingale, ................ was born in Italy, went to school in England.
    a- which b- where c- that d- who
    7. My uncle went to a school in London, ................ he learned to speak English well.
    a- which b- where c- who d- that
    8. I went to the bank this morning ................ I needed to take out some money.
    a- so b- although c- because d- and
    9. I’ve felt really tired today, ................ I went to bed early last night.
    a- because b- so c- despite d- although
    10. I hope that by the end of next week, our roof will have been ................ .
    a- repair b- repairing c- repaired d- repairs
     (F)1. My cousin is very ................ . She loves meeting and talking to new people.
    a- well-organised b- conscientious c- sociable d- ambitious
    2. People understand what I’m saying when I speak Spanish, but I’m not ................ .
    a- fluent b- ideal c- mature d- qualified
    3. The girl tried to ................ me to lend her my phone, but I refused.
    a- treat b- enrol c- provide d- persuade
    4. One of the supermarkets in our town has 25 ................ .
    a- employers b- employees c- applicants d- merchants
    5. The school ........ every student with books, so you don’t have to buy any yourself.
    a- gives b- trains c- provides d- lends
    6. Aisha’s parents asked her ................ she had finished her homework.
    a- weather b- where c- if d- to
    7. My friend’s parents have invited me ................ on holiday with them next year.
    a- for b- go c- going d- to go
    8. Ali’s doctor advised ................ to stay at home if he was feeling ill.
    a- he b- him c- it d- his
    9. If it isn’t too hot tomorrow, I ................ go swimming.
    a- should b- must c- can’t d- might
    10. They ................ be at school by eight o’clock every day. School starts at eight.
    a- have to b- should c- might d- can
    Practice Tests: (1)1. This medicine is safe. There are no ................ .
    a) top effects          b) side effects          c) leaks                    d) waste
    2. I'm going to have lunch with friends tomorrow. We are ........ at the restaurant. at 12.30.
    a) going to meet b) would meet        c) will meet              d) meet
    3. The ................ between Cairo and my town is 650 kilometres.
    a) district b) area                    c) distance              d) space
    4. It is hard to walk in space because there is no ................ .
    a) gravity b) waiting              c) spin                      d) air
    5. In Britain children ................ secondary school from the age of 11.
    a) go b) Intend                c) share                  d) attend
    6. Most furniture ................ from wood.
    a) made b) is made              c) make                    d) makes
    7. Many people ................ vegetables in their gardens.
    a) growing b) are grown          c) grow d) is grown
    8. In very hot weather, ice cream turns to ................ .
    a) water b) soft                    c) liquid                    d) solid
    9. We call oil and coal ................ fuels.
    a) fossil b)old                      c) renewable d) waste
    10. She ................ an archaeologist when she leaves university. That is her plan.
    a) become b) will become      c) am becoming      d) is going to become       
    11. He is flying to London at the weekend. His flight …….... at 5.30 in the morning.
    a) leaving            b) leaves                  c) left d) leave
    12. We don't have ................ time. We'll have to hurry.
    a) many                b) some c) lot d) much 
    13. My friend and I look very different, but our personalities are ................ .
    a) alike                b) same c) common d) like
    14. Six months ................ half a year.
    a) are                    b) is c) be d) am
    15. The walls of the ................ were built to protect the town.
    a) pyramid            b) mission c) castle d) house
    16. I am writing ................ that my teacher asked for.
    a) essay                b) a essay c) the essay d) that essay
     (2)1. I expect I ................ you at the weekend.
    a- am going to see b- am seeing c- I'll see d- see
    2. After the accident, the doctor ................ her to check she was not injured.
    a- examined b- looked at c- tested d- studied
    3. Do you have ................ free time this afternoon?
    a- a b- the c- many d- any
    4. We went to the opening of a new school last week. It was a very interesting ............. .
    a- occasion b- time c- view d- situation
    5. Petrol …………… from oil.
    a- made b- is made c- makes d- are made
    6. Wind and wave power are  typos of ................ energy.
    a- new b- waste c- renewable d- cheap 
    7. When I was younger, I ................ go swimming every day.
    a- usually b- used c- use d- used to
    8. My sister ................ at university for three years. She comes home every weekend.
    a- is b- has been c- is being d- had been
    9. The police think he did it. He is the main ................ .
    a- suspect b- pioneer c- publisher d- agent
    10. I really enjoy reading Agatha Christie novels. I particularly like her ................ 
    a- way b- style c- system d- design
    11. It ................ that air travel will become more popular in the future.
    a- is thought b- was thought c- thought d- thinks
    12. He did nothing wrong. He's ................ .
    a- suspect b- guilty c- innocent d- sensible
    13. If he doesn't get eight hours sleep every night, he ............... really tired the next day.
    a- will feel b- feels c- would feel d- is feeling
    14. If I have any free time tomorrow, ................ for a walk in the park.
    a- I went b- I go c- I'd go d- I'll go
    15. The piano is our favourite musical ................ .
    a- tool b- instrument c- equipment d- device
    16. Her uncle can't remember his accident. The doctor thinks he may have ................ .
    a- a headache b- phobia c- amnesia d- injury
     (3)1. Don't worry. I'm sure ............... them again soon.
    a- you see b- you're seeing c- you'll see d- you're going to see
    2. Wanting friends is part of human ............... .
    a- nature b- conflict c- will d- life
    3. They have just received this photo as an e-mail ............... .
    a- post b- attachment c- letter d- part
    4. Lightning is a dangerous but natural ............... .
    a- sight b- response c- eclipse d- phenomenon
    5. She didn't see her brother this morning. He ............... the flat very early.
    a- must have left b- must leave c- can't have left d- can't leave
    6. He left his glasses at school yesterday. I'm hoping someone ............... found them.
    a- must have b- might have c- can't have d- can have
    7. The quickest way for Sawsan to get to school is to ............... a train.
    a- go b- bring c- come d- take
    8. That plant has been ............... so that it gets lots of light.
    a- explored b- raised c- positioned d- put
    9. Taha's mother asked him where ............... .
    a- he had been b- had he been c- has he been d- he has been
    10. She promised she ............... me as soon as the plane landed.
    a- will phone b- phoned c- would phone d- phones
    11. Is that someone ............... on our door? I'll see who it is.
    a- hitting b- knocking c- smashing d- beating
    12. Their uncle is a scientist. He's ............... research into new forms of energy.
    a- making b- taking c- getting d- doing
    13. If you ............... earlier, you wouldn't have missed your train.
    a- had left b- leave c- would have left d- left
    14. ............... you work harder, you'll fail your exam.
    a- If b- Unless c- When d- As
    15. I'm hot today. How about ............... to the beach?
    a- gone b- going c- went d- go
    16. Accidents ............... more frequently when the roads are busy.
    a- take part b- come in c- cause  d- occur
     (4)1. You'll have to hurry. Your lesson ................ in half an hour.
    a)  is going to start b) starts c) will start       d) start
    2. That tower is one of the town's most famous ................ .
    a)  landmarks b) marks c) events d) products
    3. I'd like to get a job in the medical ................ .
    a) work b) career c) occupation d) profession
    4. I wish I ................ where I left my jacket.
    a) know b) had known c) knew d) could know
    5. Heba wishes she ................ all her money at the weekend.
    a) didn't spend b) doesn't spend c) hasn't spent d) hadn't spent
    6. My brother ................ his ambition when he became a doctor.
    a) achieved b) won c) got d) made
    7. After the storm, there was a huge ................ of water on the roads.
    a) floods b) number c) amount d) lot
    8. Sara felt ill all night because she ................ too much the day before.
    a) had eaten b) was eating c) eats d) has eaten
    9. Hamdi was very tired yesterday evening because he ............ for a school test all day.
    a) has revised b) had been revising        c) revised d) revising
    10. I really ................ to very loud music in public places.
    a) disagree b) argue c) can't stand d) object
    11. Ahmed's friends didn't...him when he returned from a year abroad. He looked so different.
    a) recognize b) remember c) see d) look
    12. My friend suggested ................ for a picnic in the park.
    a) go b) to go c) going d) goes
    13. We're planning ................ to Europe for our holiday next year.
    a) f1ying b) to fly c) fly d) to flying
    14. In some countries, people ................ the end of the year on December 31st.
    a) enjoy b) celebrate c) have fun d) party
    15. In our town, there are musicians who play ................ music.
    a) tradition b) national c) folk d) historical
    16. Whose ................ is it to make sure children arrive safely at school?
    a) responsible b) responsibility c) response d) respond
     (5)1. Five pounds ................ a lot for a cup of coffee.
    a) are                        b) cost                  c) pay d) is
    2. In some countries, people use a passport instead of ................ card.
    a) an identity          b) a personal c) a national d) an individual
    3. Sayed ................ the train. He was at the station half an hour before the train left.
    a) can't miss      b) can't have missed    c) must have missed d) didn't miss
    4. My friend advised me to see a doctor. I wish I ................ her advice now.
    a) took                  b) take                       c) had taken d) have taken
    5. Did they ever discover the ................ of the fire?
    a) reason b) purpose c) explanation d) cause
    6. My sister promised ................ me after school this afternoon.
    a) meeting          b) to meet c) met d) meet
    7. I've just finished a novel ................ the main character is an 80-year-old man.
    a) which              b) in which c) who    d) whose
    8. Have you heard? They've discovered a/an ................ new treatment for flu.
    a) effective b) useless c) real d) cruel
    9. She ................ sport as a very important part of her life.
    a) thinks                  b) believes c) regards d) looks
    10. On ................ that he had passed his driving test, Taha was very happy.
    a) heard                  b) he heard c) to hear d) hearing
    11. There was great ................ when our team won the football match.
    a) procession          b) imprisonment c) excitement d) attachment
    12. He wasn't getting enough exercise, ................ he joined a sports club.
    a) because              b) although c) and d) so
    13. I've seen an interesting article on the internet which I have ...... onto my computer.
    a) received              b) done                    c) downloaded d) written
    14. By this time next week, the exam results will ................ .
    a) have been published        b) have published         c) publish    d) be publishing
    15. I like that photograph on your computer ................ .
    a) glass                   b) screen                  c) film                       d) front
    16. Nader is really ................ about all kinds of sport. He loves playing and watching it.
    a) interested           b) active c) enthusiastic d) keen
     (6)1. In some modern homes, water ................ by energy from the sun.
    a) are heated               b) heat              c) is heated              d) is heating
    2. My daily ................ starts when my alarm clock goes off at 6.30.
    a) routine                     b) habit                c) custom              d) way
    3. There's water all over the floor. Someone ................ to turn off the shower.
    a) must forget          b) must have forgotten  
    c) can't have forgotten d) can have forgotten
    4. Her parents ................ have meetings with the teachers at her school.
    a) totally                     b) gradually c) slowly              d) regularly
    5. My brother and I have just had a phone conversation......we discussed our holiday plans
    a) which b) in which            c) what d) to which
    6. At the weekend, my aunt asked me what I ................ since we last met.
    a) did                         b) was doing             c) have done             d) had been doing
    7. Teachers are always encouraging their students to be ................ and hard-working.
    a) conventional b) common c) confusing d) conscientious
    8. He wanted to know whether anyone ................ the book he was reading.
    a) had1seen b) has seen c) sees d)saw
    9. My sister hasn't finished her course yet. She's still ................ .
    a) a trainer b) an employee c )an employer d) a trainee
    10. The best writers force their readers ................ about serious questions.
    a) to think                 b) thinking c) thought                 d) think
    11. A new supermarket in our town was opened by a well-known ................ yesterday.
    a) celebrity b) famous c) character d) somebody
    12. I think someone may have ................ today's newspaper by mistake.
    a) wasted b) thrown c) refused d) thrown away
    13. I really ................ phone my parents to tell them I'm going to be late home today.
    a) need b) must c) can d) could
    14. At her first school, she ................ to wear a blue uniform.
    a) had b) must c) could d) has
    15. He is thinking of ................ on a Business Studies course at the local college.
    a) entering b) applying               c) enrolling d) beginning
    16. Pupils don't have to pay for their books. The school ................ them.
    a) pays b) provides c) takes                d) affords
    4- Find the mistakes in each of the following sentences, then write them correctly: 
    Units:(2)1. Five litres of petrol are enough for me to get to work. 
    2. My five-year-old sister will start a school in September.
    3. The police is going to get new uniforms.
    4. Fifty degrees are a very high temperature.
    5. Athletics were my father’s favourite sport.
    (4)1. Twenty million people saw the new film already.
    2.  My parents use to live in a small flat in the city centre.
    3. Yesterday evening, we revised for our English test when all the lights went out.
    4. Our school was opening exactly 25 years ago today.
    5. She played the piano since the age of six and she still plays every day.
    (6)1. If you leave now, you catch your train.
    2. Water will freeze if the temperature is zero or below.
    3. If you throw that stone, you break a window.
    4. If she trains hard, she wins next week’s race.
    5.  If you’ll mix red and white, you get pink.
    (10)1. I wish the school holidays are longer.
    2. If only I haven’t forgotten where I put my mobile phone.
    3. I’m really tired this morning. I wish I had sleep more last night.
    4. Ali wishes he can come to your party, but he’s not feeling well.
    5. I wish I didn’t lent her my dictionary. She’s taken it home with her.
    (12)1. He hopes winning a prize for his school work to win.
    2. I regret to go to the cinema. It was not a very good film.
    3. She offered taking me to the station in her car.
    4. We’ve just finished to watch a TV programme about Egyptian history.
    5. We’ve arranged picking my brother up from the airport.
    6. Their teacher agreed helping them find an English pen friend.
    Reviews:(A)1. I've decided that I am doing more exercise in the future. 
    2. It's a really good film. I'm sure you enjoy it.
    3. Thirty kilometres are a long way to walk in hot weather 
    4. Millions of cars produce by Japanese companies every year 
    5. In many countries, children take the right to go to school until the age of 16.
    6. Electricity is produced in energy stations .
     (B)1. My father loves his job. He worked for the same company for 20 years. 
    2. When I was younger, I use to want to be a pilot.
    3. If you kick the ball too hard, you break that window.
    4. The Mousetrap written by Agatha Christie.
    5. Travelling by plane sometimes makes me a headache.
    6. The street where I live is only three metres width.
    (C)1. I’m not sure how well I did in the test at school today, but I think I might pass.
    2. You can’t have been very thirsty. There’s no orange juice left in the bottle.
    3. I asked him where had he been all morning.
    4. If it had been too hot, we wouldn’t go to the beach.
    5. What about go shopping this afternoon?
    6. How in earth is it possible to irrigate the desert?
    (D)1. It was nearly midnight by the time he has finished his homework last night. 
    2. She is very hungry when the rescue team found her. She had eaten nothing for nearly three days.
    3. If only they write more quickly.
    4. I wish there is something I could do to keep fit.
    5. She has decided studying medicine when she goes to university.
    6. My sister suggested to go to the zoo at the weekend.
    (E)1. Queen Victoria, who husband Albert died in 1861, lived until 1901.
    2. The town which I was born is in the northeast of the country.
    3. Mustafa was happy despite he came third in the race.
    4. On hear the good news, Eman phoned her parents.
    5. We won’t be tell the results of the test until the day after tomorrow.
    6. Scientists believe that by 2020, a replacement for oil will have found.
    (F)1. My friend asked me if had I enjoyed reading the book she had lent me.
    2. Parents often warn their children to not cross the road without looking.
    3. I don’t expect them arriving yet. They’re often late.
    4. You can buying clothes in some supermarkets now.
    5. If you couldn’t see what you want in a shop, you should ask an assistant.
    6. You must to remember to post this letter. It’s very important.
    Practice Tests:(1)1. She's going meet her sister in town.
    2. I fixed the lake in the petrol tank.
    3. How many time do I need to drive to the city centre?
    4. Oil and gas are find under the ground.
    5. Water is the solid form of ice .
    6. The married team went to Italy on their honeymoon.
    (2)1. I need to get fit, so I've made a decision. I do more exercise.
    2. "The Prisoner of Zenda" was wrote by Anthony Hope.
    3. We moved to this house two years ago today, so we lived here for exactly two years.
    4. Before I entered the university, I had to show my credit card.
    5. If you heat water, it melts.
    6. Ra'fat EI-Haggan and Goma'a EI-Shawwan were very famous Egyptian kings.
    (3)1. Let's try to find them. They can't have went very far.
    2. Teachers and supervisors belong to the teaching confession.
    3. He asked me if saw his newspaper.
    4. The statue of Ramses is a very important Ancient Egyptian magnet.
    5. People can waste lots of money by using the underground.
    6. The accident wouldn't happen if he hadn't been using his mobile phone.
    (4)1. I want to make some sandwiches. Have we got a bread?
    2. Soha shouldn't eat too many sweets because she is chronic.
    3. I asked my mother whether had she seen my English book.
    4. Sylvia is on a low-fat diet because recently she's lost a lot of weight.
    5. She has always enjoyed to go to the theatre.
    6. Alfred Farag is a famous Egyptian playwrite.
    (5)1. When I have nothing to do, I feel really boring.
    2. The person who's job is to clean the school is not here today. He's ill.
    3. When Umm Kalthoum died, thousands of people attended her wedding.
    4. You should reinvent paper, rather than throw it away.
    5. Some people believe that in the future, water will use as a fuel for cars.
    6. Despite he is 68, my grandfather is still working.
    (6)1. I wish I can read more quickly.
    2. She asked her friend weather she had finished her homework.
    3. My parents have invited one of my friends stay for the weekend.
    4. When Wagdy was five years old, he was sting by a scorpion.
    5. I need to go to the university to buy some medicine.
    6. A civil servant is someone who works for the army.
    كيف نحصل على النهايه فى ال paragraph؟
    قبل ما نقول هنكتب ازاى لازم الاول نجاوب على شويه اسئله خفيفه كده وبسرعه جاهزين؟ ماشى  يلا بينا
    السؤال الأول : يعنى إيه أصلا كلمه paragraph؟
    بص يا عم البرجراف ده عباره عن مجموعه من الجمل تعبر عن فكره واحده. يعنى مثلا لو طلب منى اكتب برجراف عن (أهميه السياحه) يبقى كل الجمل اللى هاكتبها متعلقه بهذا الموضوع ما أدخلش بقى فى حوارات تانيه 
    السؤال الثانى : ما هى أجزاء البرجراف؟
    أقولك ياعم البرجراف ده عامل زى جسم الانسان بيتكون من 3 أجزاء :
    1- مقدمه : جمله بتشرح الفكره الرئيسيه للبرجراف ودى بقى بيسموها ال topic sentence            
    2 - الموضوع أو بمعنى أدق (الجمل المسانده اللى بيسموها supporting sentences ودى بقى شويه جمل بتشرح اللى انت قلته فى المقدمه باعطاء امثله وحقائق وتفصيلات عن الموضوع
    يعنى مثلا لو بتكتب برجراف عن التدخين smoking وقلت فى المقدمه أو الجمله الافتتاحيه زى ما الناس بيسموها :
    التدخين ضار بالصحه : Smoking is harmful to health.
    توضح بقى الكلام الكبير اللى انت قلته  ده بأنك تعرفنا إزاى هو ضار بالصحه وضح كلامك واثبته بامثله وحقائق وحاجات من دى إزاى يعنى؟
    يعنى مثلا هتقول ان التدخين بيسبب امراض القلب والرئه / وانه قد يسبب السرطان/ وان الأطباء اثبتوا ان التدخين يؤدى الى الوفاه مبكرا/ وانه لذلك يمنع التدخين فى السينمات والمسارح وكل الاماكن المغلقه .....الخ 
    It causes heart and lung diseases. It may also cause cancer. Doctors have proved that smoking leads to early death. Therefore, it is banned in cinemas,
     theatres , and all closed places.          
    3- الخاتمه : بعد كده ياعم اختم برجرافك البسيط ده ممكن بنصيحه أو تحذير او تلخيص لما قلته وكده يعنى اتصرف بقى انت 
    ( ملحوظه رفيعه كده ) 
    *من المتعارف عليه فى الامتحانات اضافه للكلام الحلو أوى اللى قلناه ده ان الطالب بيزود جمله افتتاحيه من عنده فى الأول وخاتمه برضه من عنده فى الأخر والكلام ده ماشى وبنصححه عادى وزى الفل 
    ممكن بقى تزوق البرجراف بتاعك وتديله منظر. هأقولك إزاى:
    عشان تأكد كلامك ابدأ جملتك بعباره ظريفه زى:
    - It is crystal clear that …….. *
    من الواضح تماما ان

    It can't be denied that…..*
    لا احد يمكنه ان ينكر ان
    It goes without saying that ….*
    غنى عن البيان ان
    It is taken for granted that…*
    من المسلم به ان
    There is no doubt that…..*
    مما لاشك فيه ان
    I don't exaggerate when I say that……
    لا أبالغ عندما أقول ان
    I reveal no secret when I say that….
    لا افشى سرا عندما أقول ان 
    It is known that …./ Everyone knows that …..
    من المعروف ان / الجميع يعرف ان
    عاوز تعطى مثال ابدأ جملتك ب For example, …
    عاوز تعطى مثال داخل الجمله استخدم like  او such as
    عاوز تضيف فكره جديده تبدأ ب
    Moreover, ….. أو Furthermore,… أو In addition to that …..أو It is worth mentioning that……
    إضافه الى ذلك.........................../ من الجدير بالذكر ان
    Concerning
    بخصوص
    Another thing is that…
    شيئ أخر هو ان .....
    On the one hand,…………………………………On the other hand,……
    من تاحيه......... ومن ناحيه اخرى..... (هذا الاسلوب عندما نقارن حقيقتين او فكرتين مختلفتين)
    Last but not least, ………….
    وأخيرا وليس أخرا
    عاوز تقول إن الكلام ده رأيك الخاص:
    In my opinion, …………..*
    As far as I am concerned…..
    I do believe that ……….


    In my opinion, I'd like to say that ……… is really important and necessary nowadays and may have good and positive effects on all of us. I think so because …….. may bring all the good to our society .

    في رأي ، أود أن اقول أن ....... هو حقا مهم وضروري هذه الأيام وقد بكون له الأثر الطيب والإيجابي علينا ، وإنني أعتقد ذلك لأن ......... قد يعود بالنفع على مجتمعنا.
    No wonder if we say that ……. has ( have ) its good and positive effects on us .
    لا عجب إذا قلنا أن ........ له آثار طيبة وإيجابية علينا جميعا . 

    We all agree that …….. is very necessary and plays an important part in our life.
    كلنا نتفق أن ........ ضروري ويلعب دورا هاما في حياتنا . 

    We all agree that ……… is one of the most important things in our life and has its vital role nowadays.
    نتفق جميعا أن ........ واحدا من أهم الأشياء في حياتنا وله دورا حيويا هذه الأيام.

    To begin with, I'd like to say that we, Egyptians, always react well to what is good and react badly to what is bad. Thus, we all agree to and encourage …..
    في البداية أود أن أقول أننا نحن المصريين دائما نستجيب جيدا لما نراه جيدا وكذلك لنا رد فعل سيء لكل ما هو سيء وبناء على ذلك كلنا نوافق على ونشجع .......




    In my point of view, I believe that ……. is really serious and harmful nowadays and may have bad and negative effects on all of us. I think so because ……. May bring all the evil to our society.
    من وجهة نظري أعتقد أن ........ وهو فعلا خطير وضار هذه الأيام وقد يكون له آثار سيئة وسلبية علينا جميعا ، إنني أعتقد ذلك لأن ....... قد يجلب الشرور إلى مجتمعنا.

    First of all, I think that we should unite, co-operate and stand shoulder to shoulder for the sake of our country and against …….
    أولا وقبل كل شيء أعتقد أنه من الواجب علينا أن نتحد ونتعاون ونقف جنبا إلى جنب من أجل مصلحة بلدنا وضد ......

    It is time for us to unite, co-operate and stand as one hand so as to find quick solution to this thorny problem
    لقد حان الوقت لأن نتحد ونتعاون ونقف يدا واحدة لكي نجد حلولا سريعة لهذه المشكلة الشائكة . 

    There is no doubt that …….. is one of the most dangerous phenomena in our life and has its bad and negative effects nowadays. 
    مما لاشك فيه أن ....... هي واحدة من أخطر الظواهر في حياتنا وكذلك له آثاره السيئة والسلبية في وقتنا هذا . 

    I see that ……. Stands for an obstacle in the way of our progress. Hence, our state spares no effort to put an end it.
    إنني أرى أن ......... يمثل عقبة في طريق تقدمنا ومن ثم فدولتنا لا تدخر جهدا لكي نضع حدا له . 

    كيف يتسنى لي أن أربط بين أفكار وجمل الموضوع

    خامسا : هناك بعض الروابط والكلمات والمصطلحات التي تستخدم لربط الموضوع مثل : 
    on one hand من ناحية                                                          
    on the other hand من ناحية أخرى                                           
    in addition to that                                         بالإضافة إلى ذلك 
    moreover علاوة على ذلك                                                      
    above all وفوق كل ذلك                                                       
    hence                                                                     ومن ثم 
    thus                                                              وبناء على ذلك 
    however                                                             ومع ذلك 
    at the same time في نفس الوقت                                            
    and as a result ونتيجة لذلك                                                 
    كيف أختم موضوع التعبير
    سادسا : ثم ننهي الموضوع بإحدى هذه العبارات :-
    Finally, it is quite clear that ……. Is really ……..
    In brief, I think that ……… is really ………..
    To sum up, one can say that …….. is really ………
    طب و اللى ما يعرفشى يكتب براجراف خالص هضطر آسفا أنى اقله احفظ الكلام الجاى ده 
    الموضوع الايجابي
                      I don't know where to begin because this matter occupied my attention  but can we imagine life in the absence of......الموضوع.........?  In my opinion , Id like to say that ………الموضوع….....is really necessary nowadays and may have good and positive effects on all of us . I think so because …الموضوع…….may bring all the good to our society . To begin with , I'd like to say that , we Egyptians always react well to what is good and react badly to what is bad . Thus we all agree to and encourage……الموضوع…………
                    In fact , it's impossible to lead a happy life without……الموضوع………..as it is one of our chief sources of wealth . with the help of …الموضوع……we can realize progress and development .The government must exploit all our natural resources and  does its best to encourage…الموضوع ….  to raise the standard living of citizens. We should put into consideration that ………الموضوع…….. has ( have ) become one of the most desirable topics in our society. No wonder if we say that ……الموضوع……. has its good and positive effects on us . …………الموضوع….. is considered an important step to improve and develop one society .We all agree that ………الموضوع……is one of the most important things in our life and has its vital role nowadays .
    الموضوع السلبي
                   I don't know where to begin because this matter occupied my attention  as it is one of the most serious problems which threatens our life at present .It's out of discussion that the problem of ……الموضوع ….. .doesn't bring happiness and development to our society 
    We must exploit all our natural resources and do our best to find suitable answers to …الموضوع ….In my opinion this problem hinder progress and development. 
                  At my point of view , I believe that……الموضوع….. is really serious and harmful and may have bad and negative effects on all of us . I see that ……الموضوع……….stands for an obstacle in the way of our progress , hence our state spares no effort to put an end to it . On one hand I think that one should unite , co-operate and stand , shoulder to shoulder against ………الموضوع …….. . On the other hand the government must try to overcame this serious problem by finding the best solutions .one of the most important solution to this problem is that all members of the society  must participate in putting an end to this serious problem 
    أستاذ طب لو معرفتش الموضوع عن ايه مش هعرفه سلبى و لا ايجابى 
    اقله استغفر الله العظيم يخرب بيت الى زيك بس لك حل برده
    اكتب ده يا نيله بدون العنوان طبعا يا حزين 
    General  ideas  of  a paragraph 
    I'm very happy to write about this subject because it is a subject of great importance . It importance derives from its title . And like anything in life it is double-faced .That is , it has merits and demerits . Even if this is not clear .Shedding light on this subject makes it clear. We should take part in overcoming its problems and benefiting from its advantages . Much attention should be paid to it . Much effort is needed . Everyone has a role to play to achieve the hoped progress. Men of experience should play the main role. 
    طب لو جه براجراف عن شخص  تبقى و قعتنا سوده و لا ايه 
    و لا سوده و لا حاجه هو يعنى هيقلك اكتب عن واحد صايع لا سمح الله اكيد هيكون عن شخصية هامه ناجحه و لا ايه يبقى شوف الكلام ده .
    General ideas of a paragraph about a person
     OR                          Someone you like 
    I like………. Ahmed Zewail……… .He is a great man .When he was young , he had a dream. He lived to achieve it .And he did . But he did after the hard work he had done . He studied well .He made a lot of efforts to achieve progress to his country . He presented a lot of master works for the world . Now he is a  world-famous man . He is beloved by all the citizens of his country . He was awarded many prizes . All young people look forward to becoming like him . They consider him their good model .
    ايههههههههه يا أستاذ احنا مش ميح للدرجه دى احنا نقدر نجيب الدرجه النهائية بس انت قلنا على أهم البراجافات و خليها على الله



    As the world’s population continues to grow and climate change makes it more difficult to produce food in the traditional way, scientists are developing new ways of growing plants efficiently.
    One of these ways is growing plants without soil. Although this may sound like a modern process, it is not new technology. Ancient Egyptian writings describe how plants were grown in water, and early examples include the famous gardens of Babylon and floating gardens built by the Aztecs in Mexico.
    In traditional farming, soil protects the roots of plants, but scientists have shown that plants do not need soil to grow. As long as they can get nutrients from somewhere, they will grow successfully. To grow plants without soil, special fertilizer is added to water and the plants take this in through their roots.
    Recently, this technology has developed very quickly. It is common in northern Europe where it is used to grow food crops. Vegetables have even been grown in submarines and astronauts have produced food in space using this technology.
    Many people think that growing plants in water could help to solve the world’s food problems. As cities become larger, there is less land for agriculture. Countries with little land for growing crops could produce more of their food without soil. This way can also be used in areas with poor soil, such as deserts, and in areas near the sea where salt water is damaging the soil.
    Perhaps soon there will be no areas of the world where food cannot be produced.



    Really, we can't imagine our lives without woman. In fact, man and woman are two faces of one coin. Woman plays an important role in modern societies. She is the cornerstone of any society. Woman shares fully in the life of society with man. She has proved her worth جدارتها  in every field of life. She works in factories, hospitals and schools. She has become a ministress and even a prime ministress in some societies. She has a say in her country's policy. Woman has proved that there is no difference between man and woman in handling any kind of work. She can even handle certain tasks better than man can do. Besides, on her shoulder lies the responsibility of bringing up children.
    Woman has made great efforts towards equality with man. She has come a long way and she still has a long way to go on for equal opportunities. But the result was rather bad. Some working women sometimes neglect the very thing she is basically responsible for : the housework and children.


    The fact that the world is running out of oil disturbs تزعج the minds of energy scientists. The world's oil reserveمخزون البترول العالمي  will come to an end in the near future. Consequently, scientists are looking for alternative sources of energy so as to face this problem. They are thinking of the atom, the sun, the wind, the water and even rubbish. The five mentioned sources are thought to supply energy in the future. 
    Nuclear fission انشطار that is the splitting of the atom as in the atomic bomb, may be used in the future to supply uranium which can be used for running تشغيل  our factories. The sun is another useful source of energy because generators in space can be used to send energy to the Earth. The wind power can help man to generate cheap and clean energy. Water is used for getting hydro-electric power. In addition to that, rubbish is burnt for energy. To sum up, scientists should do their best to create new sources of energy to face the challenge of the third millennium.


    It has been taken for granted أصبح من المسلم به that electricity is indispensable لا
     يمكن الاستغناء عنها in our life. It has become so important that we can't imagine our life without it. Electricity is a mysterious power قوة غامضة which can drive تشغل machines and different kinds of devices. اختراعات It is produced by various means such as batteries and generators. مولدات We can also generate electricity using  waterfalls, wind, the atomic power as well as the sun.
        In fact, the advantages of electricity are endless. لا نهاية لها It helps man to increase production as it drives machines in our factories. We use it to illuminate ينير houses, streets and schools. It is used to run the household apparatuses الأجهزة المنزلية like the fridge, the water heater, the fans and many other sets. Saving energy is necessary. That's why we should cut down our consumption.نحد من استهلاكنا
       

    Water is the source of life on earth. Human beings, animals and plants need water to survive.يحيا Human beings  use water in their daily activities.الأنشطة اليومية They use it  for drinking, cooking, cleaning and washing. Water is used by animals for drinking and washing. Unless plants get water, they fadeيذبل  and die. Hence,ومن ثم  we can't do without it.يستغني عن 
       Since water is so necessary for survival, البقاء people should use it wisely.بحكمة  In other words, we should cut down our consumptionاستهلاك  of water. We ought to keep water as long as we can. People who use water carelessly have to be fined.يغرم  We should co¬operate to re-cycle the sanitary or drainageالصرف  water and reuse it in a useful way. Water is so vital that wars in the future will be for water not for land. 


    It is taken for granted that the youths are the corner-stoneحجر الزاوية  upon which the country's progress depends. As they enjoy a lot of rights, they have responsibilities to shoulder.يتحمل They have to be true citizens who obey and respect laws, rules and regulations.أنظمة Since they are in the flower of youth, full of strength and energy, they can work in their spare time to help develop their motherland in all fields of life. They should strive يجاهد to achieve that.
    One of these duties is to go to villages during the summer holidays to teach the farmers the three R's (reading, writing and arithmetic). الحساب Thus,ومن ثم they can play a role in eliminating illiteracy.محو الأمية When duty calls, they should be ready to sacrifice their lives for the sake of their motherland. In the field of traffic, they can act as policemen during their summer vacation so as to help the flow of traffic. انسياب حركة المرور In short, young people should spare no effort    لا يجب أن يدخر جهداُ to serve their mother country.


    لا يمكن أن نستغني عن التكنولوجيا الحديثة وبخاصة الكمبيوتر في حياتنا اليوميه
       Thanks to human inventiveness, إبداع computers now cover all aspects مظاهر of our life. Computers help man to extend يمد the power of his mind. Without them, a lot of our technological miracles, معجزات would be impossible. They have greatly helped to make our life easier and more comfortable. Since computers are of great benefit,  ذو نفع كبير they are used on a large scale. واسع على نطاق  
    Computers are used in hospitals to check patients' records سجلات and diagnose يشخص some diseases. Schools cannot do without them. They are used in factories and banks to improve and facilitate يسهل work. TV, radio, hotels, telecommunications, الاتصالات trains, ships, planes etc ... depend on computers in their work. Really, the world of computer is endless. In spite of all these facts, computers are our servant خادم and not our masters سيد متحكم yet. 


    Education is not an end in itself but a means to an end. Education is an indispensable necessity for any country to achieve progress, welfare and prosperity. Any country's civilization is measured by the standard of education in it. An educated person is secure from ignorance and poverty.
    He is able to work and produce a lot in all fields of life. An illiterate man is a great obstacle in the way of progress and development.
    Education should be well made use of to increase production. Any country should make full use of educated people by setting up projects in different fields of life. Education should be directed to face the challenges and needs of society and to solve its problems. In brief, education is of a permanent importance for any country to go on the route of progress.


    Music is the food of spirit. It expresses our inner feelings well. It helps us to forget our daily cares and pains. It takes us away from the land of reality into the world of imagination. Music sometimes inspires poets and writes to produce masterpieces of art. Music is also used in curing some psychological diseases.
    There are different kinds of music like Jazz and Folk Music. Each kind of music appeals to a certain class of people. Youth usually like Jazz music best. The old usually prefer classical music. Music differs from one country to another. Music expresses and reflects each country's culture, customs and traditions. In brief, music is of utmost importance to all people whether young or old.


    Egypt is rich in natural resources and man power. Egypt is the gift of the Nile. God grants Egypt fine mild weather all the year round. Its nature is fascinating. Its sunshine can be used in generating solar power. This can in turn be used in industry and in all fields of life. Egypt also lies on the red and Mediterranean coasts. Their water can be used to generate electricity.
    The government does its best to make use of these gifts. It establishes dams to save this water. It also makes use of the solar power in industries. These gifts enable Egypt to establish a lot of industries in all fields. Water also helps Egypt to be an agricultural country besides being a promising industrial one. Above all, Egypt is a first class tourist country.


    Unemployment is a great danger to society. The unemployed person is more likely to do wrong. So every young man should do his best to look for a job. They can start off with setting up their own business. They should also travel abroad to find a job. Any graduate should be well qualified to apply for the job he likes. The private sector قطاع خاص  role is very important. It can provide youth with good jobs with excellent salaries. The government should do its best to provide all the youth with suitable jobs. The government should also set up new projects everywhere especially in Toshka to provide young men with many job opportunities.


    Setting up new cities is very important. They can relieve pressure on crowded cities like Cairo and Alex. They can also solve many problems such as housing and transport problems. Setting up new cities will also help a lot in solving the unemployment problem. 
    The government does its best to set up new cities such as The Six of October and the Tenth of Ramadan cities. It also conquers the desert to reclaim it and set up new projects there such as Toshka project. These new cities open new horizons for youth to work, produce a lot and achieve progress to our beloved country. 


    Overpopulation is a very dangerous problem. It hinders the progress of any country, people suffer from a shortage of food. Over population devours every increase in production. It is the cause of many other problems such as housing, and traffic jams problems. We can solve this problem by invading, reclaiming and reconstructing the desert. We should respond to birth control and family planning call. Mass media should lend a hand in solving this problem by showing the ill effects of over population. People should know well that a small family means a better and a comfortable life.

    Really, peace leads to prosperity whereas war leads to destruction. Peace means safety. In time of peace, we live happily and carry out important projects. This will leads to the welfare of our country. Peace and stability are twins. But for peace, there wouldn't be any technological achievements all over the world. Thus Egypt always adopts the peaceful attitude in its relations with other countries. 
    War means nothing but fear and terror. In time of war, people don't have freedom to live happily. War threatens the security of any country. War holds back development and destroy the infrastructure of any country. To sum up, peace leads to the happiness of humanity and war leads to nothing but destruction and misery.بؤس  


    Can anybody or any society dispense with the internet or satellites nowadays ? Of
     course not. They are of utmost importance to all people. Without them any society will be helplessly cripple. How can a country keep pace with the up-to-date discoveries or inventions without them? It is a difficult equation. The link all the world together. This is what we call globalization. They save us hard long years of research and hard work. They save our time and effort. Besides being quick means of culture and information, they are very accurate. They are used in all fields of life such as the fields of media, industry, agriculture and medicine. To sum up, the benefits of satellites and the internet are countless in all fields of life.

    In my opinion. I'd like to say that tourism is really important and necessary nowadays and will have good and positive effects on all of us. I think so because tourism will bring all the good to our society. On one hand, tourism is an important source of income for Egypt. We can encourage tourists to visit Egypt by building more modern hotels and good roads, and providing fast transport. We have numerous places of interest which appeal to tourists such as the pyramids, the Sphinx, the Egyptian museums and ancient temples and mosques. On the other hands, we should behave towards tourists in a civilized manner and welcome them to our country. Thus tourism is very necessary and plays an important part. In our life in addition to that we shouldn't forget home tourism and encourage it by all possible means. Finally, one can say that tourism is very vital to our economy and that no country can do without it.

    Gone is the time when man depended on his hand and his mind only. The age of the computer has already started. In fact computers are being used more and more in the world today for the simple reason that they are more efficient than human beings. They have better memories and can store huge amounts of information. In fact, they can do many of the things we do, but faster and better. Computers are used now in our schools. Students can learn how to operate it through teachers of computer. In brief, the computer is a great scientific miracle that has helped man to achieve progress. 


    Reading is fun. It's the food of the mind غذاء العقل . With reading we never feel lonely. Through reading, we gain the experience f the others. It provides us with information in all branches of knowledge كل فروع المعرفة  , in Science, in Technology, in Arts …..etc. Reading has a good effect on our behaviour. It shows us the best conduct السلوك  to follow. So, it helps us to acquire يكتسب  good qualities to be good citizen.
    Moreover, reading helps us to develop our characters and widen our horizons توسع مداركنا  . It enables us to understand the world we live in. reading enriches تثري  our cultural life and creates generations of thinkers, writers and scientists. To sum up, reading enlightens تثقف – تنور  man and makes him aware of the modern changes that occur around him.


    A hobby is a subject that one studies for amusement. Many people spend a good deal of their time on their hobbies.
    Some people are very much interested in collecting stamps. They classify their collections of stamps according to date or countries. They also keep them in nice albums.
    Others are very devoted to catching fish. They spend long hours on thebanks of rivers or lakes to satisfy this desire.
    Some have a fancy swimming whereas others take a fancy to practicing sports or doing exercises. They spend most of their leisure in the sporting clubs.
    But as regards me, I am very fond of reading that unlocks to me the vast field of
     knowledge. I enjoy 

    Youth play a vital role in the lives of nations. They are the backbone of any nation. Without the efforts and energies of youth, any country will suffer from backwardness. They do all within their power to reconstruct, defend and build up their country. They share in every field and every aspect of life. They carry out vital projects which benefit their country a lot. They defend their country in time of war. They lead it to progress, prosperity and welfare in time of peace.


    Parents are the dearest creature in our lives. They give us life, love and affections. They have much mercy on us. They bring up, educate and clothe us well. They give us the feeling of safety in life. All countries of the world celebrate Mother's day in gratitude of her sacrifices for our sake. So we should be grateful and obedient to our parents who deny يحرموا  themselves the cheap and the dear for our sake. We should also look after them when they become old. We should treat them gently and provide them with all their needs. To sum up, we should give ample care and love to our parents. 

    Traveling abroad is a mixed blessing. On the one hand, we get much benefit from travelling abroad. We acquire much knowledge about the customs and traditions of the country we travel to. We earn much money through travelling abroad. On the other hand, we face difficulties. People are different. You have no relatives to help you in hard times. Travelling abroad widens our scopes and horizons. It also adds so much to our experience in life. Above all, we also get acquainted with foreign cultures.


    The Nile, is a source of life to Egypt. It is considered a chief source of wealth, welfare and prosperity to Egypt. We enjoy drinking its fresh pure water. We irrigate our lands from it. Vast areas of land are reclaimed with the help of the Nile. Egypt is the gift of the Nile. We should not throw waste into our dear Nile. We should keep it clean and pure.
    Without the Nile, Egypt would be a desert barren land. The Nile is the lifeblood of Egypt. Without the Nile, life would be impossible in Egypt.



    We can not do without friends in our lives. Friends play an outstanding role in our lives. Without friends, we will lose much. We benefit much from friends. They help us in happy and sad times. They lend us money when we need it. They advise us when we are in trouble.
    Good friends reflect our defects and our advantages. They usually protect us from danger. Bad friends destroy our lives. So, we should be careful in choosing friends.
       
        
    It's not acceptableمن غير المقبول to be in the 3rd millennium and we still pollute our surroundings (environment ). Individuals, companies and factories should find ways to control the waste.النفايات Clean streets and roads are the demandمطلب of every citizen. So individuals mustn't throw anything in the streets. Hence,ومن ثم  laws must be passedقوانين تسن to punish those who are careless. 
        Companies  and factories should fix filtersمرشح to help reduce air pollution. We have to keep the Nile water clean and unpolluted. It's an etiquette آداب التعامل not to pollute the place where we live in. It's our environment and everybody should do their utmostيبذل قصارى جهده  to lead a healthy life. If there is a success, we can protect ourselves from fatal diseasesأمراض فتاكة. because pollution is the pest of the recent age.
       
      
    Children are our dearestالأغلى  hope in life. They are tomorrow's youth, workers, employees and leaders. They are pricelessلا يقدر بثمن  national wealth. They form the main stay upon which the nation depends in the future. Hence, due care should be given to them so as to enjoy their childhoodالطفولة  fully. In fact childhood is playhood.مرحلة لعب It is the stage in which the child's character is formed. Parents, school and society have a role to play in this respect.في هذا الصدد
       From the very beginning It is the responsibility of the parents to select a decentمناسب name for the child. Children should be given ampleكاف  love and affection.محبة Parents should clothe and feed them well. At  schools, children ought to be developed physically , emotionally and mentally.  Psychological specialistsالأخصائيون النفسيون  have to pay much attention to each child's character. They should help him/her to grow up as a good citizen. They should know the child's problems and try to solve them. Society must ban the work of children. Children should not be abused.يساء معاملاتهم  They shouldn't work while they are young. To sum up, all have to raise a red card to the child's labour.عمل الطفل  

        

    No one can deny the great advantages of the  mobile phone. It facilitates يسهل the tasks of businessmen to get in contact with يتصل their partners شركاء in no time and anywhere. We can get in touch with any person when we face danger or any conflict. A person who is confrontedيواجه  with any sudden attack or facing an unexpected dilemmaورطة  can be rescued by using his mobile on the spot. المكان Newspapers reporters can get in touch with the headquartersالمكاتب الرئيسية  in the location of the accident when no other means of communication can be benefitted. When a person is facing a trouble or a crucialحرج  problem, the mobile is of a great importance.
       However, the mobile may be a source of disturbance and annoyance in wor-shipping houses,بيوت العبادة libraries or means of transport. During debatesمناظرات  or sympo¬siumsندوات  the use of the mobile is dreadly disturbing.مزعج جداُ Youth may misuseيسيء استخدام  such a great invention when it is used for trifling chatsمحادثات تافهة or teasingكيد  others. It may con¬stitute يشكل another hideous burdenعبء كبير on the economy of individuals. In short it is not the invention to be blamed but the users themselves. 

         


    Forests are trees and plants that cover large areas. They are important for environment conservation. Without forests, the balanceتوازن  of our globe breaks down.يختل  We get food either by eating plants, food manufactured from plants, or animals that have eaten plants. The leaves of trees and plants are like factories, producing everything they need by a process called "photosynthesis".البناء الضوئي 
         Photosynthesis is vital for  ضروريour survival. All animals breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide which is poisonous to animals if they breathe in too much. Fortunately, trees and plants take in carbon dioxide and take out oxygen. In fact, each year, the plants of the world extract تستخلص about 150 billion tons of this poisonous gas from the air. It's easy to see that if the balance of nature is changed, for example by cutting down too many trees, we will actually be taking away our oxygen-making factories and could slowly poison ourselves.


       Every year a great number of young people finish their studies at universities and wait for a government job. It's too difficult for the government to employ such an army of graduates. That's why those newly graduates had better have a business of their own. The time lost waiting for the job can be exploited in running a small business. Moreover, it is said that the more you work, the more you gain.
       Running small businesses for the newly graduates has many advantages. Through it, the young man can get a lot of experience that surely will help develop his work later on. He can also employ others to manage his work well. Hard work leads to more success and the small business could be expanded and earns a lot of money. Above all, the person who does so will enjoy being his own boss. In this way, young people raise their own income and improve their nation's economy.



    It is not an exaggeration to say that citizenship is one of the most important characteristics of the Egyptian society. All Egyptians are equal. There is no difference between Muslims and Christians. They have the same rights and do the same duties. They are the two elements of the nation. All Egyptians always say, "Religion is for God and Egypt is for all" This means that there is no distinction between the sons of Egypt due to religion. Although Christians in Egypt are a minority, they are given all rights and privileges that are given to Muslims who constitute 90% of the population of Egypt.
    National unity and good relations between Muslims and Christians is not a 
    slogan but rather a tangible reality reflected in the unique experience of the people. In all wars and revolutions, we saw Christians and Muslims fighting their enemies in defense of our dear country. Muslims and Christians in Egypt are always partners in joy and annoy. When a Christian gets married, his Muslim friends and neighbours go to the church to attend his wedding party and vice versa. Whenever a Muslim dies, Christians condole his family and vice versa. On feasts, both Muslims and Christians exchange gifts and good wishes. Finally, I'd like to point out that Egypt will ever remain a homeland for all its sons

          
    No one can deny that money is a mixed blessing. نعمة ونقمة in other words, it is a good servant but a bad master. On the one hand, money helps us to get all our needs but we should not earn it in a dishonest way. With the help of money problems can be solved. Money makes money and with money people can lead a comfortable life.
         On the other hand money is the root of all evils. For the sake of getting money some people deceive, kill and commit crimes. Wars are waged تشعل الحروب and thousands of people are killed because of money.
    Made in Egypt
    Protecting local products
        
    One should be proud of his country and its local products. المنتجات المحلية .Our local products are usually cheaper than the imported ones and sometimes better. In addition, buying our local products creates job opportunities for our youth  تخلق فرص عمل للشبابand brings hard currency   تجلب العملة الصعبةwhich need to import our needs.
         There is no doubt that our products have the Egyptian taste لها الطابع المصرى which appeals to us and
    Cope with our nature and way of living يروق لنا ويتماشى مع طبيعتنا وطريقة معيشتنا  . Not only this but also they best cope with our hot and humid weather, with our habits of eating and doing the daily work. Finally, buying our local products increases our national income and raise our standard of living

            The importance of the Internet grows rapidly in all fields of human life, including not only research and education but also marketing and trade as well as entertainment and hobbies. This implies يتضمنthat it becomes more and more important to know how to use Internet services and, as a part of this, to read and write English.
           But although Internet services themselves are, generally speaking, easy to learn and use, you will find yourself isolated معزولon the Internet if you are not familiar with English. This means that knowledge or lack of knowledge of English المعرفة أو نقصها باللغةis one of the most severe factors that cause interest أحد العوامل الهامة التى تسبب إهتمام. Learning to use a new Internet service or user interface واجهة استخدام  may take a few hours, a few days, or even weeks, but it takes years to learn a language so that you can use it in a fluent and self-confident manner. Of course, when you know some English, you can learn more just by using it on the Internet. 
    So, English and the internet became one face of a coin.وجهان لعملة واحدة 

                        34- Making the best use of spare time"
                
    Time is gold. The time wasted is too hard to regain . So we have to make the best use of our time. If we have a spare time we can make a plan to spend it doing useful things. The wise person is one who spends his / her time carefully in a proper way. Some people prefer to read a useful book, or a story. In this way they increase their information and knowledge in different aspects.
    Some others prefer to practise sports. So they renew their energy, activate their minds, and strengthen their bodies. . Young men prefer to spend most of their time playing computer games, which can be useful in developing their abilities and computer skills.

                  In my view, life in the past was quieter and easier. Modern-means of transport tike cars, trains and planes were not there. Consequently, there were almost no air-pollutants. Vast areas of land were cultivated. People depended mainly on agriculture as their main earner. In the past there was shortage of medical care. Cholera and other serious epidemics were attacking many people for a time. At present, nearly all epidemics vanished thanks to medical care.
    Nowadays, we hear every now and then of new discoveries such as the Femto second, and new inventions such as the computerized car. Also there are various means of entertainment. In short, life today has become more complicated.




    A friend of mine lived in the country. He used to swim and wash himself in the small canal near our village. Many times, I saw him and advised him not to do so to protect himself from Bilharzias but he wasn't listening. He repeated what he was doing for many years until he was ill. A doctor examined him and found that Bilharzias had attacked his liver and other organs of his body. He became ill with worry, weak and pale. He took the required medicine, which cost him a lot of money. I met him later and when he saw me, smiled and said, you were right, prevention is better that cure.
    38- Pros and cons of Advertisements 
                          Every time you watch an interesting movie or a video film, ads pop out on the screen to cut the flow of events and get you out of your mood. Ads are also likely to strengthen the time of the movie that you get too bored to watch the end. Sometimes they are vulgar to be watched by the whole family.On the other hand, ads bring a lot of money which encourages TV companies to buy new films and pay money to broadcast football matches. This in turn motivates يحفز production companies to produce more films and programmes of all kinds to sell to private and space channels which buy them to attract more viewers.As for us, ads help us to choose the goods we need easily without spending much time and efforts looking at shop windows here and there.


        Street children are like a time bomb that could go off at any moment and destroy the State, especially in Egypt’s difficult current circumstances
    It might be hard to tell how many children are living on the street in Egypt, but one thing is clear--the numbers are very large and almost certainly growing.
    These children lead an unhealthy and often dangerous life that leaves them deprived of their basic needs for protection, guidance, and supervision and exposes them to different forms of exploitation and abuse.
          They are easy prey for people who want to destroy this country. They give these children money and drugs, then order them to do anything. They were there outside the Institut d’Egypte when it was set on fire
          But not all the street children are saboteurs المخربين; many of them went to Tahrir during the 18-day revolution, where the protesters embraced احتضنت them and made them feel as if they were part of one big family.
           NGOs and governmental organizations must work together to embrace the street children and help reintegrate إعادة الاندماج them into society, to stop them being exploited.
    UNICEF and  Egyptian Associations make great efforts to Protect and to improve the lives of street children and to educate and empower individual boys and girls.



    Cloning is the latest technology in the field of medicine nowadays. Scientists hope to use cloning to produce new cells, organs and rare types of blood .They also hope to use this new technology to find cures for a lot of fatal diseases.
    There are many advantages for cloning for example being able to recreate extinct animals and save the endangered wild life.. Cloning also helps scientists in the field of medical research. It could help them to replace damaged cells and damaged organs .There is also a possibility that cloning could prolong human life.
    Another point is that Cloning would make a big step in future that will make the world better with smaller death rate and helps people to live a better and happier life. 
    The disadvantaged for cloning is that it is a high risk that the cloned animal or human will have many defects. It is possible that the clone will create diseases. Cloning is also expensive and before getting the clone millions and millions would be spend. Another disadvantage is that as it will be legalized (it is illegal now, in most countries) It is against God's will. 
    I believe that cloning is a process that might help in the future to prevent some diseases, but there is a lot of risk to take. There are as many advantages as disadvantages and one can cover the other one. I think that it would lead to a better future if it would be done accurately . 
    Human cloning will benefit medical research, and those who suffer from fatal diseases. The possibilities of advancement in all fields of science as well as life are endless. Therefore, society should be open to human cloning and use this technology wisely
    Translations
    1. إن تحقيق الجودة في التعليم هدف تسعى إليه كل المؤسسات التعليمية في مصر.
    Achieving (Realising) quality in education is a target that all educational institutions in Egypt try to achieve.
    2. إن الأزمة الاقتصادية العالمية الحالية تتطلب منا زيادة الإنتاج وترشيد الاستهلاك . 
    The current global economic crisis requests increasing production and rationalizing consumption.
    3. للمدرسة دور كبير في تنشئة الأجيال الصاعدة ووقايتهم من الانحراف .
    The school has a big role in upbringing younger generations and protecting them from deviation.
    4. إن مصر مهد الحضارة والأديان ولن تكون أبداً منبعاً للعنف والإرهاب والتطرف .
    Egypt is the cradle of civilization and religions and it will never be a source of  violence , terrorism and extremism.
    5. إن المرأة شريك أساسي في التنمية الاجتماعية والاقتصادية والحقوق السياسية.
    Women are an essential partner to social development, economic and political rights.
    6. إن استثمار الطاقة البشرية وتنميتها هو أساس التقدم لان الإنسان هو الذي يصنع الحضارة.
    Investing the human energy and developing it is the base of progress because it is man that makes civilization.
    7. يعارض الكثير من الناس استخدام الهندسة الوراثية لتحسين الإنتاج الزراعي.
    Many people oppose the use of genetic engineering to improve agricultural production.
    8. ترتفع أسعار جميع السلع ارتفاعا فاحشا مع ارتفاع نسبة التضخم .
    Prices of all goods go sky high whenever there is inflation.
    9. في ظل الديمقراطية ، تعيش الشعوب فى أمن ورفاهية و رخاء وسلام.
    Under democratic atmosphere, peoples live in security, welfare, prosperity and peace.
    10. الاستقرار والأمن عنصران هامان لتحقيق نهضة اقتصادية شاملة .
    Stability and security are two important factors to achieve a comprehensive economic renaissance.
    11. سيناء جزء أصيل( جزء لا يتجزأ) من مصر ولا يمكن بأي حال من الأحوال التفريط فيها .
    Sinai is an integral part ( part and parcel ) of Egypt that we can't lose.
    12. ينبغي أن نعلم النشء قبول الرأي والرأي الأخر للحفاظ على وحدة المجتمع .
    We should teach children to accept others' opinion to keep the unity of the society.
    13. ينبغي أن نبنى مصر الحديثة على أسس الحرية والعدالة والديمقراطية .
    We should build modern Egypt on the basis of freedom, justice and democracy.
    14. الكتاب كان ومازال خير رفيق للإنسان في معظم أوقات حياته .
    The book was and still the best companion of man in most times of his life.
    15. التخطيط الجيد من أهم مقومات النجاح فى حياة الإنسان العملية .
    Good planning is one of the most important factors for success in one's career.
    16. تولى الأمم والشعوب أهمية خاصة لرعاية أطفالها لأنهم يمثلون طموحاتهم المستقبلية .
    Nations and peoples give due care to their children who represent their futuristic ambitions.
    17. الطالب المجتهد مصدر فخر لوالديه ومدرسته ووطنه .
    The hardworking student is a source of pride to his parents, school and country.
    18. 1- يأمل العلماء فى استكشاف الفضاء لمعرفة المزيد عن أسرار الكون.
    The scientists hope to explore space to learn more about the ( mysteries / secrets ) of the universe.
    19. بدأ العالم يشعر بخطورة الموقف بعد تزايد نسبة التلوث البيئى .
    The world began to feel the gravity of the situation after the increase in the proportion of environmental pollution.
    20. هل تعتقد أن الوقود الحيوى هو الحل الأمثل لمعالجة أزمة نقص الطاقة ؟ 
    Do you think that bio-fuel is the best solution to handle the crisis of energy (shortage/lack) ?
    21. ينبغى استخدام الأساليب التكنولوجية الحديثة لمواجهة الجرائم بكافة أشكالها .
    Modern technological methods should be used to face the crime in all its forms.
    22. تتخذ الحكومات الآن إجراءات صارمة للتحكم فى التضخم وحل المشكلة الاقتصادية .
    Now, the governments take strict measures to control inflation and solve the economic problem.
    23. تتزايد أفواج السائحين إلى مصر ، مما يبشر بمستقبل مشرق لهذه الصناعة .
    The increase of flocks of tourists to Egypt heralds a bright future for this industry.
    24. لقد ظلت مصر عبر التاريخ واحة للأمن والآمان والاستقرار .
    Egypt has remained throughout history an oasis of security, safety and stability. 
    25. ينبغي أن يكون للشباب دورا أكثر فاعلية فى بناء الدولة الحديثة .
    Young people should have more effective role in building a modern country.
    26. يعارض الكثير إجراء أى تجارب علمية تهدف إلى التدخل فى تكوين الطبيعة البشرية .
    Many oppose doing any scientific experiments aims at interference in the formation of human nature.
    27. تصدر الحكومة القوانين التى من شأنها منع ارتكاب الجرائم وتحقيق الأمان للمجتمع .
    The government issued laws that would prevent committing crimes and achieving the safety of the society.
    28. المقومات البشرية والسياحية والطبيعية يمكن أن تجعل مصر من الدول المتقدمة .
    Human, tourist and natural comportments can make Egypt one of the advanced countries. 
    29. هل تعتقد أن العولمة يمكن أن تضيق الفجوة بين الثقافات والحضارات ؟
    Do you think that globalization can narrow the gap between cultures and civilizations?
    30. يجب على المواطنين معرفة واجباتهم قبل المطالبة بحقوقهم تحت مظلة الديمقراطية .
    Citizens must know their duties before calling for their rights under the umbrella of democracy.
    31. إن حرية العقيدة وحق المواطنة والعدالة والمساواة هى أسس المجتمع الحديث .
    The right to freedom of religion, citizenship, justice and equality are the bases of the modern society.
    32. يجب على شبابنا دفع عجلة التنمية من أجل مستقبل أفضل .
    Young people should push the acceleration of development for a better future.
    33. إن مصر غنية بمواردها الطبيعية التى يجب علينا حسن إستغلالها .
    Egypt is rich in its natural resources which we must make the best use of.
    34. يؤدى ترشيد الاستهلاك وزيادة الإنتاج إلى رفع مستوى المعيشة .
    Rationalizing the consumption and increasing the production lead to raising the standard of living.
    35. تعد السياحة مصدرا أساسيا للدخل القومي المصري وتدميرها له آثاره السلبية .
    Tourism is considered a main source of the Egyptian national income and its destruction has negative effects.
    36. للصحافة دورا كبيرا فى تنمية الوعي العام تجاه القضايا القومية والاجتماعية .
    The press has a big role in the development of public awareness towards the national and social issues.
    37. تولى نظم التعليم الحديثة اهتماما بالغا بتنمية قدرات الطالب العلمية والثقافية على الابتكار .
    Modern education systems give due care to the development of the scientific and cultural abilities of the student to innovate.
    * Translate into Arabic :
    1- The first commercial space flights was launched by " Space Tourism" company. The first tourist trip into space may start within 18 months. Despite the great difficulties facing workers in this project, the success of the vehicle makes the space tourist flights a real dream.
    أطلقت أول رحلة فضاء تجارية بواسطة " شركة الفضاء السياحية ". قد تبدأ أول رحلة سياحية للفضاء فى خلال 18 شهر. على الرغم من المشاكل الهائلة التى قد تواجه العاملين فى هذا المشروع، فإن نجاح المركبة سيجعل رحلات السياحة الفضائية حلم حقيقى .
    2- Scientific research is essential for upgrading our country. So, the state must foster Egyptian researchers since they are the key to scientific renaissance. They must be provided with appropriate atmosphere and facilities to help advance Egypt.
    البحث العلمى ضرورى لتطوير بلدنا ، لذا يجب أن تتبنى الدولة الباحثين المصريين لأنهم مفتاح النهضة العلمية. لابد من توفير المناخ المناسب والتسهيلات لهم للمساعدة فى تقدم مصر.
    3- People used to dream that they could explore their universe. Their dream was accomplished in the 20th century and space exploration has definitely changed for the better. Now, people can practically live up in space, for months, even years at a time.
    اعتاد الناس على الحلم بأنهم يمكنهم استكشاف الكون ، وتحقق حلمهم فى القرن العشرين فقد تغير استكشاف الفضاء تماما للأفضل. فالآن يستطيع الناس أن يعيشوا عمليا في الفضاء لشهور وربما لسنوات في المرة الواحدة .
    4- The rush towards bio-fuels is threatening the lives of billions of people. It's very hard to imagine how we can see the world growing enough crops to produce renewable energy. It leads to a shortage in food supplies.
    الاندفاع نحو الوقود الحيوي يهدد حياة المليارات ( البلايين ) من الناس. من الصعب أن تخيل كيف يمكننا رؤية العالم يزرع محاصيل كافية لإنتاج الطاقة المتجددة. هذا يؤدى إلى نقص في إمدادات الطعام.
    5- A policeman has to protect the public from thieves and wicked men. He has to give help to all those who need it. He must be brave and strong so that he can prevent violent people behaving rudely.
    يجب على رجل الشرطة أن يحمى العامة من اللصوص والأشرار. يجب عليه أن يساعد كل من يحتاجونه. لابد أن يكون شجاعا وقويا كى يستطيع منع المخربين من التصرف بوقاحة.
    If there were any inhabitants of the moon, they would see our earth reflecting the light of the sun like a huge mirror in the sky. They would speak of the earthlight just as we speak of the moonlight.
    لو كان هناك سكان على القمر ، لاستطاعوا رؤية أرضنا تعكس ضوء الشمس مثل مرآة ضخمة في السماء ، كانوا سيتحدثون عن ضوء الأرض مثلما نتحدث عن ضوء القمر.
    إذا لم تحارب من اجل شيء أردته فلا تبكى على شيء خسرته








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